Top 5 reasons behind teen depression

Depression amongst the teenagers is a growing concern all over the world, and several factors are mainly responsible for this. Mainly due to the hectic lifestyle of people today, parents do not get enough time to manage their kids. As a result, teenagers get detached from their parents with growing ages. Apart from that, pressure is too much on studies these days. In the rat race of becoming educated, teenagers often lose their motivation and fall under deep depression. However, apart from all these basic reasons, several other factors are there. All these factors are needed to be analyzed to understand teenage depression. Here in this article, we shall discuss those reasons behind teen depression.

Reasons behind teen depression

When it comes to understanding causes for depression amongst teenagers, you need to understand teenage psychology. This is a critical time of brain development. During this time, several hormonal changes happen, which has huge impact over the psychology amongst the teenagers. So, let us take a look on those causes one by one:

  • Academic Stress

Academic stress has been noted widely as one of the most prominent reasons behind teenager depression. These days, parents want their kids to become first in every aspect. From sports to studies – parents indulge huge burden of expectations on the kids. As a result, when failure takes place, teenagers start getting into depression. Failure is the time, when family members require standing beside the kids. But, sadly in many cases the opposite thing happens. Teenagers think that they have let down their parents, and thus they find themselves under utter depression. Fighting against such depression is important; as such depressed conditions can lead to malign consequences. Tendencies of suicidal attempt amongst the teenagers are increasing due to this reason. Hence, parents need to be more careful.

  • Peer Pressure and Social Anxiety

We all are the parts of the society. From childhood, we are taught that human beings are social animals. We need a society to survive and sustain in this world. But, at the same time, staying in a society attaches a lot of stigma and dogma to our life as well as lifestyle. In modern era, teenagers often try to rip apart those dogmatic ideas in order to find a better living. This is where they feel under pressure of tremendous psychological barriers. Sometimes, chasing freedom from social stigma attracts consuming illegal drugs, alcohol, etc. All these things have huge impact over our physical as well as mental health.

  • Problems with Opposite Sex

It has been noted that depression amongst teenagers generates due to interactions between opposite sex. It is common to get attracted towards the opposite sex, but that often leads to many failures in relationship. At tender age, we do not have enough maturity to understand relationship. When relationship fails, we plunge into depression. Such depressions are quite common these days amongst the kids.

  • Cravings for Gadgets

It sounds funny, but it is true that depression amongst kids has been noted due to over desire for gadgets. A lot of teenagers feel depressed today when their parents cannot get them the latest gadgets. This may seem an unusual case of teen depression, but this problem is growing with the advent of time.

  • Poor Relationship amongst Parents

When parent fight with each other, it is bound to affect the kids. This type of depression is quite common amongst the teenagers. When they watch their parents fighting each other, they tend to lose faith in good relationship. They make themselves aloof or completely unsocial. Such kids need mental counseling under the supervision of an experienced as well as certified psychologist.

A Discourse on the Natural Remedies of Depression

Depression is such an ailment that can slowly suck out all the interest to live and make you feel helpless. Nowadays, about more than 16 million American residents suffer from this and majority of them also consume antidepressants. There are certain natural remedies of depression which can help you to fight with it.

People with mild depressions may not be benefitted from these drugs. But those who have medium to chronic depressions can gain from these. However there are some other ways that may help you to come out of depression with absolute natural remedies. Below are enlisted some of the best natural remedies of depression.

Below are enlisted some of the best natural remedies of depression.

Best Natural Remedies Of Depression

  1. Set A Regular Routine- A daily routine should be set. Depression has a tendency to break the structure of your life. One day slips into another while you keep on hovering on the same thoughts. Thus one of the absolute natural remedies to get rid of depression is setting up a proper routine.
  2. Set Proper Goals-This is another one of the natural remedies of depression. Depression makes you lose your self confidence so much so that you may feel that you are not capable of doing anything. This makes you feel worthless and will worsen your condition. To stop that you will have to set small goals like accomplishing the daily household chores. This will boost your confidence many folds.
  3. Work Out- If you can work out on a regular basis then regular basis then there can be no other natural remedies of depression as fruitful as that. Exercise can lead to the secretion of a feel-good hormone called endorphins. Work out on a regular basis help the brain to be more optimistic. All you have to do is walk around a bit every week.
  4. Try to Have Enough Sleep- Sleeping disorder or lack of sleep is a recurring problem for people suffering from depression. You won’t be able to shut your eyes at all and this will worsen the condition. You can, however, improve your sleep by getting to bed and coming out of it at a fixed time, avoiding naps and removing away all kinds of distractions from your bedroom like television or computer.
  5. Don’t Avoid Responsibilities-Apart from sleeping disorder another thing that you suffer from when you are depressed is avoiding responsibilities at work and home. But don’t do that. Avoiding responsibilities won’t help you in any way. You can counter depression by staying involved and accomplishing things. You can go for full time, part time or even voluntary work.
  6. Fight against Pessimistic Thoughts- For challenging depression lot of mental work has to be done. You should alter the line in which you think. Depression makes you to jump to very negative conclusions that you are not liked by anyone or you are worthless. But that is not the case. The next time you feel so try t counter it with logic. Try to think if you have got evidence to support your thoughts or you are just making them up. Only you can help yourself with positive thinking and this is another of the natural remedies of depression. Try to fight your thoughts before they can control you.

Top natural remedies or alternative medicine for depression

I’m really glad that you’ve decided to look at natural remedies or alternative medicine for depression, including herbal antidepressants. I suspect you don’t like the idea of taking antidepressant medication prescribed by your doctor at all. Perhaps you’re on antidepressants at the moment, and they’re not helping… or – very likely – they’re causing even more problems.

Just before we get started, you may want to know more about the signs and symptoms of depression. If so, hop over to my Depression Questionnaire. I’ll still be here when you get back.

Antidepressant medication can have some nasty side effects. Alternative medicine for depression is the better option in terms of both short and long-term benefits, as well as safety. However, they still contain substances that have an effect on your brain (and the rest of your body). But don’t worry – I’m here to help you choose wisely, and find the best alternative medicine for you.

At least by taking natural cure for your depression you won’t be exposing yourself to numerous (depressing) side effects from medication your doctor may want to prescribe.

I’m going to give you ideas about what you can take.  You’ll need to continue to research for yourself – but I’ve given you some links at the end of this article to help you with this.  You need to feel happy with the natural remedies you decide to take.

Whatever you swallow affects your brain and body

Everything you swallow provides the raw material (or not) for the production of important ‘chemicals’ (hormones, peptides, neurotransmitters etc.) in your body/brain. All that stuff ensures that your body do what it’s supposed to do.

These substances have an effect on all processes in your body though – not just what happens in your head. That’s why tablets – like as antidepressants – manufactured by pharmaceutical companies have some ‘unexpected’ side-effects. And therefore you also have to be choosy about your natural remedies for depression.

In addition, the foods you eat (or don’t eat) have an effect on how you feel mentally and emotionally.

It’s vital to make sensible food choices. Good quality food contains all the natural ingredients for the production of those important body chemicals. We need proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and trace elements. We need them in a particular combination to achieve optimum mental and physical health.

A guide to what is depression – Know common causes and symptoms

Depression is a common problem these days. According to the reports, more than 70% people across the world suffer from different types of depression. More interestingly, a lot of people even do not know that they are suffering from depression. So, at this time of the world, we need to know the term depression with more perfection. It is better to keep away the myths and understand the facts regarding depression. So, the question is – what is depression? To define depression in simple words, it can be said that this is a basically a mental health problem that occurs due to various conditions, under various circumstances.

What is Depression?

Different medical experts define depression in different manner. It is hard to give a concrete definition of depression. It can generally be identified as a mental disorder or mental disturbance that can be experienced on short term or long term basis. As it is a mental disorder, there is no reason to consider it as lesser harmful than any other physical disorders. In fact, depression can lead to various critical physical damages. For example, a depressed person experiences quick mood swings.  Due to this, sometimes they can attempt suicide or hurting themselves in some ways. Depression also leaves a lot of physical problems, like heart disorders, brain diseases, hormonal imbalances, etc. In the following section of this article, we shall discuss some of the common causes of depression:

Various Causes of Depression

In our modern as well as contemporary society, talking about depression is a necessary thing. People need to understand the term depression more precisely. Optimal awareness amongst the people can solve this disease with perfection. To know depression in better manner, let us discuss salient casus behind this mental imbalance:

  1. Mental Stress: Too much mental stress leads to depression of different kinds. People acquire mental stress due to various reasons from various sources. For example, too much worried about something or hypertension is a common cause behind mental stress. Mental stress can also be caused by over workload. This is why people working in corporate sectors are mostly vulnerable to mental stresses. Their mental stress leads to depression in most of the cases.
  2. Consumption of Alcohol or Chain Smoking: If you are a heavy alcohol consumer or a chain smoker, depression can occur to you very commonly. Regular alcohol consumption should be restricted into occasional habit. Moreover, when you feel sad, try doing something productive rather consuming alcohol or indulge in smoking.
  3. Failure in Relationship: Failure in relationship is often found to be a common cause behind depression. This type of depression results into dreadful consequences. If you are suffering from such depression situations, it is better to consult an experienced psychologist.
  4. Pressure of Studies on Kids: Depression amongst kids is common and mostly that is caused by pressure of studies. Often parents want to make their kids best in all aspects. Failing to stand out with such immense pressure of expectations, depression for kids takes place.

Common Symptoms of Depression

To know what is depression, it is equally important to know the symptoms of depression. Some of the common symptoms are:

  • Feeling sad often or constantly
  • Feeling tremendous mental pressure
  • Feeling low
  • Quick mood swing
  • Over attracted towards alcohol or cigarettes
  • Feeling guilty

Depression can lead to many physical as well as mental challenges. So, it is important to consult a psychologist as soon as possible. If you suspect depression is creeping in slowly in your mind, you should consult psychologists for quick medical solutions and mental counseling. Before consulting a psychologist, know his or her skills, specialization and certifications.

Depression in kids

Key points to remember

  • depression is a serious illness that interferes with everyday life
  • it is important to get help if concerned about child depression
  • depression can be treated effectively

What is depression?

Lots of children feel sad or upset some of the time, when they think that everything is going wrong with friends, at school, and at home. Depression is different to feeling sad or miserable – it’s an illness and its symptoms last for a long time and interfere with a child or young person carrying on with their everyday activities.

How common is it?

Depression is experienced by approximately five percent of children. Both boys and girls can be affected by the illness. Depression is more common in teenagers – affecting approximately nine percent of young men and 18 percent of young women.

Children and young people who are at higher risk for depression are those who are very stressed, have learning or behaviour difficulties, or have experienced a loss.

What causes it?

No one knows the exact cause of depression but a combination of environmental and biological factors are thought to be important. Research has indicated that depression can run in families who may have vulnerable genes. Stressful and negative events can also cause depression, and alcohol and drug use and physical illnesses increase a person’s chances of experiencing depression. A person who focuses on negative aspects of life is also more likely to experience depression.

What are the signs and symptoms?

The symptoms of depression are often different for different people.

Common symptoms are:

  • feeling miserable, irritable, and unable to cope
  • anger and rage, verbal sarcasm and attack
  • overreaction to criticism
  • low self-confidence
  • feelings of helplessness, hopelessness, and guilt
  • difficulty experiencing pleasure like they used to
  • loss of sexual desire in adolescents
  • trouble sleeping, or waking up earlier than usual
  • changes in appetite
  • frequent complaints of physical illness (such as headaches, stomach aches)
  • poor concentration, memory and decision making skills
  • being overwhelmed and thinking negatively about the future
  • rebellious refusal to work or cooperate
  • thoughts of suicide and self-harm

Depression in children and young people is different to adults, and they may be more irritable and rebellious than sad. Children and young people may not be able to express in words how they are feeling because of their age. Also, they may deny that they have a problem or ‘put on a happy face’ because they are concerned that people will think there is something wrong with them and they do not understand what is going on for them.

It is important not to discount symptoms of depression as ‘just being a teenager’ and a phase that they will grow out of. This is not the case. Depression is a serious illness that needs to be addressed properly.

The signs and symptoms of depression may be shared with other childhood problems (such as anxiety) and can require professional help to assess properly.

When should I seek help?

If you are concerned that a child or young person is depressed and they have been experiencing symptoms for a long period of time (longer than a few weeks) it is important that you seek help. It is important that an assessment takes place by a professional who knows about depression in children and young people. Physical examinations are also recommended to ensure that there is no underlying illness causing the symptoms.

Going to your family doctor is the recommended first step as they will be able to provide guidance about where to get further help. This may involve a referral to child and adolescent mental health services which can provide specialist assessment and interventions for depression.

What is the treatment?

Medication and psychological therapy are the two researched treatments for depression – these can be used independently or in combination. The severity of the depression and personal preference will often determine what treatment choice is made.

Antidepressant medication influences the chemicals in the brain to improve a person’s mood, and can be helpful for moderate to severe depression. Medication is prescribed by a doctor and needs to be taken for a number of weeks for a difference to be experienced. People usually stay on medication for a number of months. Antidepressant medication is not addictive. Doctors will discuss with you how the medication works and any potential side effects, which are usually short-lived and easily manageable.

Psychological therapy is effective in learning ways to overcome depression. Each person’s experience is different and the focus of therapy is on thoughts, feelings and behaviours and learning new ways to deal with difficult situations, and to change the way people think about events and situations.

Self harm

Key points to remember

  • self harm is becoming more common amongst teenagers in New Zealand and other countries in the western world
  • there are many reasons why people self harm
  • the most important thing to do is to listen
  • if your young person tells you, or if you find out, ask them what was going through their heads when they were doing it
  • listen carefully for the answer and then ask them how they would like you to help
  • most importantly DON’T PANIC
  • if you keep calm and are reassuring then your young person will have much more confidence to tell you more
  • it is very important to encourage talking as that is a much better way to help the intensity of emotions than to self harm

What is self harm?

Self harm is becoming more common amongst teenagers in New Zealand and other countries in the western world. It is usually a coping strategy rather than a problem solving strategy, which is often how suicide can be seen. It should always be taken seriously as 30 percent of people who deliberately self harm can die from this. 

Self harm is also known as deliberate self harm (DSH) and can take many forms. It is becoming more common amongst young people but it can also occur in much older people.

It can take the form of:

  • cutting
  • burning
  • hair pulling
  • punching
  • overdose

Sometimes behaviours such as dangerous drinking, dangerous driving and sexual risk taking can be part of the range of self harm behaviour.

How common is it?

The Youth 2000 study is a random sample of all high school students in New Zealand. It has gathered information from young people about many topics that affect their lives through an electronic survey. Youth 2000 gathered information in 2001, 2007 and in 2012. One of the questions asked was about self harm. These were the percentage of young people who said that they had harmed themselves in the last two surveys:

20072012
Male15%17.9%
Female26%29.1%

The results show that girls self harm more than boys and there have been increasing numbers of boys and girls self harming in our high schools over the last 5 years.

Why do they do it?

There are many reasons why people self harm, including:

  • to cope with stress and anxiety
  • as a physical demonstration of emotional pain
  • to feel something when they feel numb (may be part of depression)
  • to express hatred against self
  • because of guilt and self punishment
  • because it has become a habit
  • to distract from intrusive thoughts
  • to try and make other people listen to them
  • to copy a friend
  • to feel good
  • as part of an illness like borderline personality disorder or schizophrenia, or depression

What can be done to help?

The most important thing to do is to listen. If your young person tells you, or if you find out, ask them what was going through their heads when they were doing it. Listen carefully for the answer and then ask them how they would like you to help.

You might ask what they wanted to achieve/get out of what they did and maybe suggest other ways of achieving the same thing.

Most importantly DON’T PANIC.

If you keep calm and are reassuring then your young person will have much more confidence to tell you more. It is very important to encourage talking as that is a much better way to help the intensity of emotions than to self harm.

  • find out more about what is causing stress in their lives and offer to help them to deal with it
  • provide attention to your young person
  • acknowledge the emotion they are feeling – never belittle it or tell them not to be so stupid
  • spend more time with them doing things together like have a coffee date, go for a walk or to the movies, watch TV together
  • encourage them to join a group, or gain a new skill
  • if you are worried and the first steps of listening and encouraging talking are not helping then seek professional help

Where to go for help

It may be helpful to talk to the school counselor, your family doctor, or a Youth One Stop Shop if there is one in your area.

IF YOUR YOUNG PERSON TELLS YOU THEY WANT TO DIE, TAKE IT SERIOUSLY.

If you can’t get in to see your family doctor then ring the psychiatric emergency service at your local hospital, or the child and youth mental health service.

Encourage your young person to try Sparx, a computer game which has been designed to treat depression in young people and help them to learn to control their emotions with their thoughts.

Learn about various depression help – Knowing the contemporary treatment options

Depression is a word that sounds enough depressing. Especially, for those, who are suffering from chronic depression disorders. We have a lot of misconceptions regarding depression. Some people think it happens to only a few people. Well, to correct you, depression is one of the most common mental disorders around the world. Several people suffer from it due to several reasons. Some people also think that depression is equivalent to madness. Well, it is not that true. Depression can lead to madness or complete mental imbalance. But, it is initially cannot be equaled to madness. To know the right facts are essential for treating depression. Awareness certainly increases depression help. In the following section of this article, check out the treatments for depression.

Quick facts for depression help

For depression help, you need to know the reasons behind your depression. Sometimes, the reasons are easy to understand. For example, you work too much and spend a lot of time in office, coping with the various works. In such cases, depression can cause due to your too much dedication towards your work. It is not bad to be dedicated, but over dedication leads to stressfulness and that leads to supreme depression cases. Some reasons of depression are not easy to understand. It happens to kids specially, who are raised up in complicated environment. In such cases, it has been noted that there are more than one reason behind depression. To understand the reasons, mental counseling is required before you are recommended some remedies for curbing depression.

Treatment Options for Depression

When it comes to depression treatments, you will find ample of solutions. But, all solutions are not recommended to all. Basically the causes behind depression and magnitude of depressions are the biggest factors here. So, let us know various treatment options for depression:

  • Mental Counseling: mental counseling the best way for depression help. For effective mental counseling, you need to visit an experienced as well as certified psychologist. Under his or her supervision and expertise counseling session, your depression can be partly or completely removed from your life.
  • Emotional Support: A person who is suffering from major or minor or other type of depression needs support from his friends and family members. So, someone close to your heart is undergoing depression disorders, you should give him enough mental support. Good support from the closed one heals a lot of problems magically and quickly.
  • Good sleep: Depression is caused by mental unrest as well as stress. For battle out mental stress and unrest, you need to undergo a healthy sleeping session on daily basis. Good sleep will keep you fresh and your mind will stay out of immense stressfulness.
  • Abiding by psychologist’s guidelines: It is important for you to abide by the guidelines of the psychologist. An experienced psychologist will give you some guidelines as depression treatments. So, you need to follow those things religiously.
  • Give up smoking and alcohol consumption: It is always good to give up alcohol consumption, if you are undergoing depression treatments. At the same time, you need to quit smoking or lessen up your habit of smoking.
  • Over the counter medicines: A good physician cum psychologist will also suggest you some over the counter medicines for a certain period of time as remedies for depression.
  • Read inspiring stories: When depression trigger, people tend to lose their motivation and hey sometimes hurt themselves or commit suicidal attempts out of extreme despair. You need to read motivational stories from various celebrities and renowned people, especially those who had depression and then they successful curbed their depression.

To know more about depression and to learn about various other treatment options, get in touch with an experienced psychologist.

Cognitive Therapy, Meds Equal in Curbing Depression Relapse

Patients treated for depression who are at high risk for relapse after responding to an acute phase of cognitive therapy (CT) are just as likely to avoid relapse via continuation phase cognitive therapy (C-CT) or by switching to an antidepressant regimen with medication management, new research suggests.

Of 241 at-risk patients randomly assigned to receive 8 months of continuation phase treatment after receiving 12 to 14 weeks of acute-phase CT, 33% of the 69 assigned to pill placebo relapsed into depression compared with approximately 18% of the 86 who went on to receive C-CT and with 18% of the 86 who were switched to continuation phase treatment with the antidepressant fluoxetine.

Robin B. Jarrett, PhD, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, in Dallas, and Michael Thase, MD, now at University of Pennsylvania, and colleagues (at the University of Pittsburgh), collaborated on the randomized, controlled trial to extend Dr. Jarrett’s initial finding of C-CT efficacy in preventing relapse relative to an assessment-only control. The finding that receiving C-CT prevented relapse more than pill placebo shows that another site (the University of Pittsburgh) can achieve its preventive effects.

Although the researchers expected that both active therapies would reduce the risk for relapse, they had anticipated that C-CT would have a more durable benefit ― that is, to prevent recurrence during the first year ― compared to the medication comparator. The study was powered for this comparison after active treatments were discontinued.

“Contrary to prediction, we found no evidence to support the hypothesis that C-CT conveys more enduring prophylaxis in acute phase CT responders than fluoxetine after continuation phase treatments are stopped,” the investigators write.

Relapse Predictor

Patients were identified as susceptible to relapse/recurrence by demonstrating a delayed, unstable, or partial response in the acute-treatment-phase CT. The researchers prospectively applied an algorithm from Dr. Jarrett’s earlier study to detect heightened risk, with parameters that included at least 1 rating score of 7 or higher on the 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD-17) during the final 7 weekly assessments. Dr. Thase’s group had also previously shown this effect with a somewhat distinct algorithm.

“Those with the partial remission were viewed to be at high risk for relapse and recurrence, and that finding is basically one of the most robust findings in psychiatry ― that partial remission or unstable remission does forecast a later relapse and recurrence,” Dr. Jarrett told Medscape Medical News.

In an earlier comparison of sequential treatments, with acute-phase antidepressant treatment followed by either a maintenance antidepressant regimen, pill placebo, or a group-based cognitive therapy (Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy), Zindel Segal, PhD, University of Toronto, Canada, and colleagues had also found that medication and cognitive therapy were comparable in reducing relapse/recurrence.

Commenting on the current study for Medscape Medical News, Dr. Siegel, who was a consultant on the Jarrett-Thase trial, said, “The increasing interest in sequential treatment of mood disorder is a response to 2 phenomena ― high rates of medication discontinuation or reduced antidepressant tachyphylaxis and the need to reduce residual risk for relapse/recurrence. Utilizing a sequenced 2-stage treatment algorithm can provide intervention for the acute depressive episode as well as targeted prevention benefits against episode return.”

“To date,” said Dr. Segal, “very few studies have evaluated this model, and the Jarrett et al study provides unique data to address this question. Their finding that C-CT or fluoxetine in acute-phase CT responders provides greater prophylaxis than placebo demonstrates the value of the second step in a sequenced approach.”

Research Gap

The investigators describe their study as being not only the first to demonstrate that an antidepressant medication regimen significantly reduces the risk for relapse/recurrence for patients who first received psychotherapy but also the largest study of relapse prevention strategy applied after acute-phase CT.

“So there was a huge gap in the literature with respect to having psychotherapy first,” Dr. Jarrett elaborated. “Nobody had ever showed that psychotherapy responders would actually accept medication as a way of preventing depression. In addition, patients need an array of choices. Continuation phase cognitive therapy is an effective choice in preventing relapse as an immediate intervention for high-risk responders.”

The question of whether medication intervention would be accepted by patients who initially sought CT did appear to surface in the attrition data from Dr. Jarrett’s study. Although the final attrition rates after 8 months did not statistically differ between the groups, significantly more patients from the medication and placebo combined groups (n = 13) than from the C-CT group (n = 1) left the study before the first continuation-phase session.

Dr. Jarrett noted that this early attrition from those assigned to medication and placebo groups did not affect the final analysis of the superiority of both active treatments relative to placebo, but she explained that “this sample is biased in that the people who went into this study wanted psychotherapy, they wanted cognitive therapy. They didn’t prefer medication, or they would have started with that approach.”

The researchers’ next steps include delving more into the characteristics of risk for depression.